Explain what a Borehole is

A borehole is a thin vertical hole in the ground, often made to extract water underground or other fluids. It may also be used for mineral exploration, as part of an environmental investigation, or for geotechnical purposes.

Borehole

A borehole may be constructed for many different purposes, including water supply, petroleum production, mineral exploration and environmental investigations. The location and depth of the hole are dependent on what it is being used for. For example, a residential well will typically not go deeper than 30 meters below ground level while mineral exploration wells can be over 4 kilometres deep.

Boreholes are commonly drilled by rotary drilling methods using an air hammer, cable tool or a rotary rig. The method used depends on the hardness of the rock and the required depth; a typical domestic well is about 20 metres but some wells in hard rock can be more than 1 km deep. Geothermal wells are usually much deeper than this and several miles in length to reach the hot rock.

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Other Areas – Borehole near me

  • Randburg
  • Cape Town
  • Bloemfontein

Talk about the benefit of Borehole Drilling

Water Boreholes are extremely economic. The cost of drilling a borehole is very affordable, making it possible for any family or business to have their source of water. Borehole drilling is easy to maintain, requiring only a simple system. Water can also be collected and stored in underground tanks, keeping it cool and safe before use. Water Boreholes are very eco-friendly, as they do not need electricity to run and they do not leave behind wastewater. The only required maintenance is to ensure that the pumps are working correctly, which can be done by simply checking the pressure gauge now and then.

Borehole Drilling

Once the borehole has been drilled in your garden or yard, you will have access to clean, fresh water whenever you need it. You can use this water in your home or office for cooking, drinking and cleaning purposes.

Learn more about the Borehole Drilling Process

The borehole drilling process is a complicated one and requires an experienced hand to undertake the job. The borehole starts with a series of steps that must be followed to ensure that the hole is drilled properly and safely. It begins with a survey of the land where the hole will be drilled. This step ensures that there are no obstacles in the way and allows for proper placement of the borehole. Once this is complete, a small grade-beam concrete foundation is poured around the hole to support the weight of the equipment and allow enough space for workers to move around with ease if they need to access any part of the machinery during operation.

During operation, mud pumps will push high-pressure water into the drill pipe as it spins at different speeds and depths. The spinning drill bit will spin through all types of earth, rock and shale until it reaches bedrock. At this point, a casing pipe is inserted into the borehole and cemented into place to prevent any cave-ins from occurring later on in a time when groundwater starts flowing through it.

Once the casing pipe has been cemented in place, a gravel pack is injected inside it. The gravel pack provides filtration for groundwater so that any contaminants are filtered out before

The Advantages & Disadvantages – Boreholes

5 Advantages

  • High yielding
  • Water quality is not affected by surface water contamination or surface storage
  • A Water borehole is a good solution for homes and businesses in areas where water supply is a problem.
  • Low maintenance costs and little need for repairs.

9 Disadvantages

  1. Not effective in small spaces
  2. Minimal flexibility and versatility as compared to other irrigation methods.
  3. Not easily manageable and may require a high level of maintenance
  4. Can be expensive to install and may thus be difficult for the average farmer to afford.
  5. Time-consuming and labour intensive to install
  6. Expensive to maintain and may thus reduce the productivity of your farm
  7. There is a risk that your borehole may run dry during the dry season, hence reducing the productivity of your farm significantly
  8. Some boreholes contain water that has harmful properties such as excessive iron which can negatively impact your production processes.
  9. Groundwater contamination is another disadvantage associated with boreholes. This contamination can occur due to high levels of nitrates, pesticides and other contaminants in groundwater. This can negatively impact your crops if you use contaminated water in irrigation activities.

Hire Expert Borehole Drillers

Borehole drilling is an intricate and crafty task that requires expert knowledge of the subsurface terrain, equipment and personnel.

Borehole Drillers

Professional drillers can provide you with a much more accurate and reliable borehole than a DIY approach.  Furthermore, they have experience in identifying potential problems and dealing with them effectively.

When planning your borehole project, enlisting the help of professional drillers will prove to be invaluable in the long run.

Locate Borehole Drillers Near Me!

Borehole drilling is a complex task that requires a lot of experience and expertise. If you are looking for borehole drilling services, we have got you covered! Our team is here to help you find the best borehole drillers near me. Our platform will connect you with experienced service providers whom you can trust to handle your borehole drilling needs at reasonable prices and within the shortest time possible.

We are an online platform that connects clients with service providers. The platform has an extensive list of vetted professionals who can handle all kinds of borehole drilling and repair projects successfully at pocket-friendly rates and within the agreed timelines. Whether you need to drill a new borehole or repair your existing one, using our website is the best way to get connected with competent drillers who will do a good job for you without causing any delays or inconveniences.

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Our website can connect you to reliable borehole drillers in Polokwane. We have a great directory of reliable and skilled technicians who can carry out the drilling process for your project. Our website is where you get the contact details of reliable contractors from all over South Africa. We’ve built a database with different contact details and service providers who specialize in drilling services. Anyone who wants drillers in Polokwane can simply get in touch with us, tell us what you need and our team will send back a detailed quote with all pricing information included.

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Other Countries – Borehole Drillers

  • Kenya
  • Uganda
  • Malawi
  • Ghana

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Other Areas – Borehole Drilling

  • Louis Trichardt
  • Bulawayo
  • Rustenburg
  • Nairaland
  • Siyabuswa
  • George
  • Queenstown
  • BelaBela
  • Oudtshoorn
  • Gauteng
  • Hammanskraal
  • West Rand
  • Ermelo
  • Pretoria
  • Gweru
  • Hartbeespoort
  • Johannesburg
  • Klerksdorp
  • Eastern Cape
  • Zimbabwe
  • Somerset West
  • Kempton Park
  • East Rand
  • Western Cape
  • Nigeria
  • South Coast
  • Durbanville
  • Harare
  • Groblersdal
  • Brits
  • Bloemfontein
  • Vanderbijlpark
  • Lebowakgomo
  • Durban
  • Kenya
  • Witbank
  • Ghana
  • Krugersdorp
  • East London
  • Lusaka
  • Limpopo
  • Welkom
  • North West
  • Botswana
  • Vereeniging
  • Ghana
  • Tzaneen
  • Thohoyandou
  • South Africa
  • Nelspruit
  • Kimberley
  • Mthatha

Need Water? – Borehole for Water

A borehole for Water is the simple process of drilling a hole in the ground to access groundwater. Boreholes can range from 50 to 1000 meters deep and can be as small as 100mm or larger than 300mm in diameter.

Borehole for Water

Borehole for Water provides access to a large volume of clean, safe water which is used for drinking and cooking, watering livestock, irrigating crops and gardens, filling dams and swimming pools, general cleaning and fire protection.

Boreholes are more cost-effective than other water supplies such as rivers, dams and boreholes for water because they are less expensive to maintain and operate. They also provide water that does not need further treatment before drinking (although some people may choose to “purify” their borehole for water).

Discuss Borehole Benefits

When we talk about boreholes, it is important to understand the benefits of having a water borehole.

Water boreholes can produce a lot of water, which means you will never run out of water. The water is also clean and safe to drink. This is because it comes straight from the ground without being treated or having any chemicals added to it.

Because you no longer have to pay a water bill, your monthly expenses will be reduced significantly. To recoup the initial investment costs, you only need to use a certain amount of water each month. If you can reduce your usage of municipal water, you could save even more money.

The Types of Borehole Pumps you Get

Borehole Pumps

Submersible pumps

When it comes to borehole pumps there are several types of borehole pumps that you could choose between. The first type is the submersible pump, which as the name suggests is a pump that completely submerges in the water and this makes it an extremely efficient way of extracting water from the borehole.

Jet pumps

Another type of pump that you might want for your borehole is a jet pump. This is a different kind of pump that is often used where the water level is higher than the surface level and can run on electric motors or even diesel engines depending on where they are going to be used.

Diaphragm pumps

A diaphragm pump uses the movement of the diaphragm to move the product through it in a very smooth way. This can make it ideal for use in a variety of different situations, including when pumping water out of boreholes, although they are more commonly used when pumping clean water rather than contaminated water out of a well.

Submersible centrifugal pumps

A submersible centrifugal pump uses centrifugal force to push water out of the well and up to ground level. These are extremely efficient at what they do.

Explain What are Submersible Pumps

Submersible pumps are the dewatering equipment that is almost used in every sector. Submersible pumps are also known as sub pumps or electric submersible pumps (ESP). The submersible pump is a device that has a motor and pump combined in a single body. It can be used underwater.

They are widely used in different sectors like oil and gas, industrial, municipal, environmental, agricultural, petroleum, mining and many more. It helps to remove water from flooded areas or from places where water accumulated. This pump pulls the water up and out of the area that is being drained. If you need to get rid of water, these pumps can help you do it quickly so that you can move forward with your project without delay.

What are they made of?

The submersible pumps are made up of various materials, depending on the type of application they are used for. Some of the common materials that are used to make these submersible pumps are stainless steel, cast iron, bronze and plastic. These pumps are also available in other metals like Hastelloy and titanium, as well as non-metals like glass-reinforced ceramic and plastic.

The casing of the pump is the most important part of this system. The casing is made up of cast iron or plastic. The aluminium materials may also be used sometimes. Cast iron is preferred more than plastic material because it has more strength and it can withstand high temperatures and pressures.

Mostly the impeller and diffuser are made up of a thermoplastic material like polycarbonate or glass-reinforced ceramic. The volute casing is usually made up of stainless steel or cast iron.

Why are submersible pumps popular?

  • Energy efficient
  • Durable
  • Simple to use

The main advantage of a submersible pump is that it never needs priming. The pump is always submerged in the fluid being pumped, so there is no need for the kind of check valves that are needed in other pump designs. A submersible pump does not require a priming chamber, a pump casing and a foot valve. This makes them easier for engineers to specify and install.

Another advantage of submersibles is that they are much more energy-efficient than jet pumps. Since the system stays primed all the time (except when dry running), there is no requirement for a jet to reintroduce air into the system every time it starts up. This means that much less power is consumed by friction losses in the piping and priming water lost from the system. Submersibles also make it possible to locate a pump close to the point where pumping is required, which can reduce pipe friction losses if designed correctly, or even eliminate friction losses if used with a flexible hose instead of rigid pipework.

5 Tips on choosing your submersible pump

If you are in the market for a submersible pump then here are some tips on choosing your submersible water pump.

  1. Is it a deep well pump? If so how deep is the well?
  2. How much horsepower do you need? Will it be used for a fountain or do you need to drain the basement.
  3. How many gallons of water will you be pumping?
  4. Do you have a certain brand in mind or are you just looking for the best product and price?
  5. Submersible pumps come in different brands.

Get Submersible Pumps in Cape Town

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We have water pumps for sale as well, so you can select from our list of suppliers and buy a new or used pump for your home or office.

Discuss what Submersible Solar Pumps are?

Submersible solar-powered pumps can produce energy while they pump water up to the surface. These pumps have strong, durable construction that can handle environmental factors such as high or low temperature, shock and vibration. When installed properly, submersible solar pumps can be very useful in a variety of applications where water needs to be moved up to the surface by a pump.

How do solar pumps work?

Solar pumps are similar in many ways to solar electric panels. They must absorb the sun’s rays and transform them into energy to power themselves. The energy is stored in a battery that can power the pump during the night and on cloudy days.

Where are solar pumps used?

Submersible solar pumps are commonly used for water pumping from wells, ponds, tube wells and any other low-lying water body. The onboard battery and control system allows them to pump even when the sun goes down. Also known as floating solar pumps, they are also very efficient at pumping water directly into your drinking water tanks in locations where the pump is connected to a pressurized tank.

Are solar pumps more Expensive?

Because it is an expensive technology, solar pumps are more expensive than electric submersible pumps which are installed traditionally. But don’t be offended by the word ‘expensive’. Solar pumps initially cost more than electric pumps but over some time, they pay more due to reduced power bills.

Alternative option

An alternative option to solar pumps is petrol or diesel-powered pumps typically used as a backup for typical solar-powered water pumping systems in areas that get frequent power outages.

SPECIALS – Submersible Pumps Prices!

You’ve come to the right place. We have a wide selection of Submersible Pumps products and services that will meet your every need.

Finding the right Submersible Pumps product or service is easy with the help of our help.

We’ll do our best to ensure we connect you with a reputable company that can provide exactly what you’re looking for. In no time at all, you can be comparing quotes from up to 5 reputable companies in your area – saving you time and money!

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Want a SPECIAL? – Borehole Pumps for Sale

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Borehole Pumps for Sale

To get started, simply enter your name and email address in the form below and click on Submit.

We will send you a list of reputable suppliers in your area who can assist with selecting and installing a borehole pump that will meet your requirements.

WOW – 3 Advantages of Borehole Solar Pumps

  1. Solar energy is free and abundantly available.
  2. Solar pumps are environmentally friendly, noiseless, vibration-free and cost-effective. They do not require costly maintenance, lubrication and power source.
  3. Borehole solar pumps are compact and can be easily installed in remote rural areas where there is no access to electricity grids.

Pick the CORRECT Kit – Solar Borehole Pump Kits

Our kits are simple to install – with all the components you need. We have a range of kits available and can also custom-build a kit to suit your particular requirements.

We have identified a range of the most common borehole pump applications. Each of our solar borehole pump kits includes everything you need, including the inverter and charge controller, as well as all hoses, cables, connectors and mounting brackets.

Solar Borehole Pump Kit includes:

  • Solar PV modules (Rigid framed or flexible)
  • Battery bank – deep cycle solar batteries
  • Solar charge controller
  • Inverter (for AC pumps and DC powered lighting)
  • Pump cable and cable tray (including clamps)
  • All necessary connectors and fuses
  • Mounting brackets for both the panels and battery bank (and pump if required)

Discover the 3 main types of Solar Borehole Pumps

The Direct Solar Pump

This is the most common type of solar pump. A Direct Solar Pump consists of a surface pump powered by a surface mounted solar array. The solar array powers a DC motor that drives the pump. For the system to work, there must be sufficient water available to cover the whole array.

The Submersible Solar Pump

This is a more complex and expensive option but has some advantages. The solar panels are mounted on the surface, but the pump is submerged in the water supply. This means that they do not need to be installed at depths greater than 20 meters, and can be used in shallower waters such as rivers, lakes or dams.

The Solar Pump Inverter

This is perhaps the most versatile type of solar borehole pump, as it can be used with almost any type of pump. A direct current from the solar panel powers an inverter, which in turn powers an alternating current motor for the pump.

Need Solar Borehole Pump Kit Prices?

The Solar Borehole Pump Kit prices shown below include solar panels, solar regulator, cabling, pump and installation hardware. We can also do the installation of your kit for you. The prices below are indicative only and exclude delivery and VAT. If you require a fixed price please contact us.

The prices reflected here are for systems that are installed on the surface. Installing a borehole pump will incur additional costs which usually vary from R10,000 to R20,000 depending upon the depth and other factors. Please contact us for more information about what these costs would be for your particular circumstances.

Step by Step – Borehole Pumps Installation Guide

Borehole Pumps Installation

Here are the steps to be followed:

  1. Pre-installation checklist

Before you start the installation process, there are a few things that you will need to check:

  • Make sure you have all the tools and materials required ready.
  • Check the integrity of the underground cables between the surface and the submersible pump. You may also want to check for leaks in pipes/tubes.
  • Make sure that your pump is compatible with your borehole’s specifications.
  • Speak to your local authority about obtaining permits for the installation or make sure that you have one if you need it. This is important if you plan on drilling a new one or are planning on making any changes to an existing one.
  1. Pump placement
  • Once you have checked all these items off, it is time to get started! The first step is placing your pump into its good casing (if applicable). Make sure that your pump is facing in the right direction before lowering it into place.
  1. Pressure set up and testing
  • The next thing you will need to do is set up the pressure system and test it out.

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Explain Borehole Pump Repairs

Borehole pump repairs are the measures used to address the problems with borehole pumps. You can have your pump used for different purposes in your operations. There are various things that you should do in the right way to avoid having any problems with it. But if something wrong happens, then you can fix it by looking for borehole pump repairers.

Borehole Pump Repairs

NEW – Step by Step Guide on Borehole Pump Repairs

Most borehole pumps are designed to be low maintenance and require little repairs. Pump repairs can be time-consuming and costly, especially if you have no one to supervise their completion. Here is the best guide for anyone who is looking to learn about borehole pump repairs.

Identify the Problem

  • Before doing any repairs, it is important to first identify what exactly is wrong with the borehole pump. Identifying the problem will make your work easier when it comes to fixing the problem.

Common Issues

Here are common issues you might encounter with your borehole pump and what you can do to fix the problem.

  • Power off, the machine will not start.
  • Check for blown fuses, check for tripped circuit breaker.
  • If there is no power from the power supply to the motor, it may be caused by faulty thermostats or relays.
  • It could also be a faulty motor winding, damaged cable, loose connection or faulty control box.
  • The pump runs but does not pump water.
  • There is no water coming from the outlet pipe, check if there is any obstruction in the pipe leading to the pump or if there is a blockage at the impellor.
  • If there is no problem with either of those two possibilities then it may be that the suction hose or suction filter is blocked. The problem could also be a bent impeller blade or shaft binding which would cause the impellor to run out of alignment with the casing.
  • The pump runs but does not pressurize the water tank.
  • Check if there is adequate pressure in the tank, if there isn’t then check for obstructions in the pipes leading to and from the tank as well as any blockages at either end of these pipes.

Testing of Pump after Repairs

Borehole Pump Testing

  • The pump should be switched off before any testing is done.
  • The pump and motor should be thoroughly washed to remove any sediment or dirt that may have collected on the machine after running.
  • Pump and motor should be examined for any sign of damage or corrosion, including the windings, bolts and hose connections.
  • All connections must be checked to ensure they are tightly fixed together.
  • The pump should be switched on and operated at full speed while observing the pressure gauge. If the pressure drops below 4bar within 10 minutes then this indicates air leakage in the system which has to be fixed before further testing can take place.
  • If the pressure is stable above 4bar throughout the test period then this means there are no air leaks, and that the pump is functioning normally for this test period only.

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Discuss Borehole Installation – Learn more!

Borehole installation can be a time-consuming task. Depending on the size required, drilling can take several days. The team will typically arrive on-site to prepare and survey the area, taking into account any constraints or considerations that need to be made before drilling begins. The first step involves protecting the borehole site and surrounding area. This includes erecting fencing around the site, removing any debris and preparing the ground for drilling.

Installation

Once the site has been prepared, a casing is inserted into the borehole to line it. This prevents the collapse of it from occurring during the drilling process and reduces water loss. A liner is also used to ensure that water flow remains at optimum levels during and after the installation has been completed.

The Borehole installation process can be divided into 4 main stages:

The first step is to assess the area in which the borehole will be installed. This will include a site survey, during which the best location for it will be determined.

The second step is drilling and installation of it. This includes the acquisition of materials and delivery of equipment to the site, drilling of the borehole, and installation of piping, pumps, filters, and other components.

During the third and final step, water is tested for quality assurance before finalizing the project. The water that comes from boreholes will go through a rigorous testing process to ensure it meets all health standards for drinking water.

When choosing a contractor, it is important to consider the following factors:

  1. Experience

You must hire an experienced borehole drilling company. The longer a company has been in business, the more likely it is to deliver quality services. You can visit the website of a contractor to find out how long they have been in business and even get references from previous clients. You can also ask the borehole contractor to give you examples of completed projects they have worked on.

  1. Variety of Services Offered

You must hire a borehole drilling company that offers a wide variety of services. This will save you time since you will not have to look for another company for any additional work. A good company should be able to offer services such as pump selection and installation, pump maintenance and repair and water treatment among others. It is also important that you choose a contractor who has experience with all types of pumps so that they can offer advice and guidance on the best pumps for your needs.

  1. Quality Equipment

You should make sure that the borehole drilling company has high-quality equipment and machinery to get the job done right the first time. The equipment used should be up-to-date with high-quality machinery being used.

Hire our Affordable Borehole Installers!

  1. They are experienced

We have been installing boreholes for over 10 years now, and we have a team of experts who are always on standby to install any type of borehole for you.

  1. They offer the best services

Our borehole installers have installed several boreholes and have gained much experience in the process, so rest assured that it will be built with quality, care and many years of experience.

  1. They provide quality services at an affordable price

Yes, they have a very good reputation when it comes to our rates, we strive to provide the best services at the most affordable rates when compared to other companies. Our rates could even be considered cheap when compared to other companies.

  1. They offer standard services

Our company has set standards and our company policies ensure that they are adhered to, so rest assured that it will be built following our set standards.

  1. They use top-notch equipment

The equipment used in installing boreholes has changed over the years, but we ensure that we use top-notch equipment in building yours, so rest assured that your borehole will stand the test of time because we use only the best equipment available on the market today to build it for you.

Discover more about Installing a Borehole

A borehole is a narrow shaft bored in the ground, either vertically or horizontally. Boreholes may be constructed for many different purposes, including the extraction of water, other liquids (such as petroleum) or gases (such as natural gas), as part of a geotechnical investigation, environmental site assessment, mineral exploration, temperature measurement, as a pilot hole for installing piers or underground utilities, for geothermal installations, or underground storage of unwanted substances, e.g. in carbon capture and storage.

Boreholes can be constructed for very different purposes, ranging from shallow wells to much deeper holes for oil and gas exploration. If you are thinking about getting one installed on your property then you must have a clear understanding of what you want from the process.

The first thing to think about is whether you need an irrigation borehole or a potable water borehole. The latter will be used for drinking water so will have to be treated before use. Irrigation is much cheaper and simpler but you need to ensure that there are no chemicals in the water that could damage crops.

9 Things that Determine the Borehole Installation Cost

1.    Type of Property

If your property has an existing borehole, then it will be cheaper to install a new one than to drill a new one. If your property does not have an existing one, you will need to drill one. This can be done manually or mechanically by using drilling equipment.

2.    Depth of Borehole

The depth of a borehole on your property determines the amount of money you will spend in the installation process. The depth is determined by the position of the water table, which is affected by the climatic conditions and topographical features.

3.    Type of Water

The type of water found in your area also determines the cost of borehole installation. If you have hard water in your area, you will need to spend a bit more on drilling than where soft water is found because hard water causes wear and tear on machine parts faster than soft water does.

4.    Type of Pump

The type of pump you choose will have a significant impact on the cost of installing a borehole. This is because pumps are manufactured in various sizes, types and with different capabilities.

5.    Quality of Water Needed

The quality of water needed is the first factor that determines the cost of borehole installation. It is important to know if you need clean water or dirty water. A borehole that supplies clean water will differ from the one which supplies dirty water. Boreholes that supply clean water are more expensive compared to those that supply dirty water.

6.    Distance of the Borehole

The distance from the borehole to your home is another factor that will determine the cost of installing it. The farther away from the borehole, the more costly it will be to have it installed.

7.    Type of Soil

The type of soil is probably the most important factor that determines the cost of drilling a borehole. This is because different types of soil require different methods and lengths of drilling.

8.    The Contractor you Choose

The contractor you choose to install your borehole will have a major impact on the total price of your project. You may be tempted to go with the cheapest option available, but it is important to keep in mind that a low price often means that corners are cut somewhere.

9.    The Amount of Work

The amount of work and the depth of the borehole will determine how much you pay for your water well. The deeper the well, the more you will have to pay. Also, a lot of work goes into digging deep wells.

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Talk about Borehole Repairs

The process of repairing a broken borehole or borehole leak is usually a 2 stage process.  The first stage is the repair, and the second stage is waterproofing.  It is best to carry out both processes even if it is not leaking, as this will help prevent future problems in the future.

Why get Borehole Repairs – 4 Reasons

  1. Improper good installation

When wells are incorrectly installed, they are more likely to cause problems in the future.  This can be anything from installing the well without properly testing the soil, to using improper materials for the piping or broken drilling equipment.

  1. Erosion of the borehole lining

As water passes through a well, it erodes the borehole lining.  Over time, this erosion will break down the lining and cause cracks and leaks to form in your pipes.

  1. Collapsed boreholes

Boreholes will sometimes collapse in on themselves when holes are not properly supported during drilling or when too much weight is placed on top of the well during construction projects.  This can be very dangerous because there is no way of knowing if you have a collapsed borehole unless you have a professional inspect your property, as collapse may not always cause obvious problems with your supply of water.

  1. Leaking boreholes

When a good pipe begins leaking water, it could lead to contamination of your water supply with chemicals or other pollutants from surrounding areas that seep into the ground where you’re well is located.  This is why it is especially important to get a thorough inspection of your property before having a well drilled.

Borehole Repairs – 10 Methods

Borehole repair is a daunting task – and one that must be done correctly. You can’t afford to take chances with your water supply. But even the best-maintained one will eventually need repairs. While boreholes are generally robust, they are not impervious to damage. Any borehole can be damaged by anything from mechanical breakdowns to weathering, corrosion, substandard workmanship, and general wear and tear.

If you notice that your borehole isn’t performing as it should or is showing signs of damage, you should contact a qualified and experienced borehole drilling company to fix the problem before it gets worse.

Here are 10 common methods of borehole repair:

  1. Replacing broken screens
  2. Fixing ineffective grouting
  3. Repairing broken casing
  4. Replacing bent rods
  5. Replacing worn down rods
  6. Repairing damaged riser pipes
  7. Replacing worn down casings
  8. Repairing damaged pumps
  9. Replacing damaged pumps

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Discuss Borehole Services

Borehole services are among the most commonly used utility services. They are vital for providing water for various uses.

Services

These are holes that are used in the process of obtaining:

  • Drinking water
  • Groundwater
  • Disposal of wastewater
  • Natural gas exploration through vertical or horizontal

Discover the Different Types of Borehole Services

What are Drilled, Wells?

Drilled wells are created when the drilling company drills a borehole into the ground and then installs a casing to protect the well. The casing is usually a steel tube, but can also be made of plastic. These types of wells are common in new construction projects since they provide a convenient way to access groundwater.

What are Percolating Wells?

Percolating wells are essentially holes that have been drilled into the ground. A screen is placed around the sides of the hole to allow water to flow through it freely. The water then collects at the bottom and flows through a pipe to a storage tank for use.

What are Artesian Wells?

Artesian wells are a type of groundwater source and the name comes from Artois in France. The water from this type of well flows to the surface under internal hydrostatic pressure. This means it flows naturally without the need for a pump. It is called a flowing artesian well when the water level at the top of the aquifer is more than that of the bottom of the well. Confined artesian wells are where the water level at the top of the aquifer is lower than that of the bottom of the well.

What are Bored Wells?

Bored wells are drilled hole that is used for the transportation of water from underground water sources. These holes are drilled by using various techniques and the process is known as boring or well sinking. Boreholes are generally used for irrigation, getting fresh water for household use, industrial use and also for mineral exploration. There are mainly two types of boreholes which include bored wells and driven wells.

What are Driven Wells?

Driven wells are constructed by driving a pipe into the soil with a special tool. The inside of the pipe is surrounded by a filter. Water flows into the well through this filter and travels to the surface via the pipe.

Driven wells are commonly used for irrigation purposes and in areas where hard rock layers prevent excavations for other borehole types.

What are Tube Wells?

Boreholes are used for extracting water from deep below the surface. They are also used for underground explorations, especially in soil and rock investigations. People often use boreholes to install tubes that can be used as pipelines for various purposes.

A borehole is created by driving a tube into the ground. A drilling machine creates the borehole using rotary action and hammers. The tube prevents the hole from collapsing while it’s being drilled, and then it remains in place as part of the final structure.

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Discuss Borehole Maintenance

Borehole maintenance is the process of regular monitoring and carrying out corrective measures on your borehole to ensure that it remains in optimal working condition.

How often should I get my borehole maintained?

The frequency with which you need to schedule borehole maintenance depends on a range of factors, including the age, the quality of water it yields and the likelihood of contamination from an external source.

What are the benefits of borehole maintenance?

Regular borehole maintenance can help you avoid unpleasant surprises and save you money in the long run. If you’re unsure about your responsibilities when it comes to maintaining it, contact us for some friendly advice.

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Discuss a Borehole Filtration System

A Borehole Filtration System comprises all the components required to protect the water supply at its entry point into a domestic property.

The system is made up of:

  • Borehole (or Well) Pump
  • Chlorine Injection System
  • Ultra Violet Sterilizer
  • Pump Controller
  • Flowmeters
  • Filters (typically 5-10 micron sediment filters)

A borehole pump is used to draw water up from the well and to ensure that the pressure in the well is adequate, so that water can continue to be drawn out. A pump controller monitors the water level in the well and switches the pump on and off when needed. Water is then chlorinated using a chlorine injection system which protects against bacteria in the water supply.

It is then passed through an ultraviolet sterilizer which further protects against bacteria before being run through a series of filters, typically 5-10 micron sediment filters. A flowmeter is installed after each filter to provide a visual indication if one of the filters needs to be replaced.

The Steps in Borehole Water Purification

The borehole water purification process is very simple and is outlined below.

Step 1: In most cases, borehole water is pumped into a tank for storage. The first step in purifying this water is to filter it. This can be done by either installing a pre-filter on the pump itself or by installing a separate filter. A good filtration system will remove suspended solids such as sand, silt and iron from the water and prevent these from entering your home. The filter should be cleaned regularly and we recommend that you have an automatic backwash system installed so that the filter cleans itself automatically and you don’t need to worry about it.

Water Purification

Step 2: After the initial filtration, further filtration can be done if required. This can include adding sand filters, carbon filters etc depending on your requirements. These are more expensive than just installing one filter however they will give better results.

Disinfecting Borehole Water

The final stage of boreholes water purification is to disinfect the water so that it is safe to drink, wash in or use in any way you want without risk of contamination.

Discuss Borehole Water Softener

Borehole Water Softener is a small, compact water softener unit that can be installed in your kitchen. It works by removing calcium and magnesium from the water by using a process called ion exchange. It replaces the hard ions with sodium. However, the sodium does not dissolve in water, thus making it safe to use for drinking and cooking purposes.

The main advantage of the Water Softener is that it does not require any chemicals for treating hard water. There are no harmful additives added to this unit and it does not use any salt for its operations. This makes it an excellent choice for those who do not want to spend money on expensive chemicals or salt tablets.

Another advantage of the Borehole Water Softener is that it can be installed easily. If you have a borehole well, then you will find it easy to install this unit. You just need to install a borehole pump into your well and then you can connect the Borehole Water Softener to your home’s water supply line. The installation process is very simple because all you need is a drill bit and some screws.

This Borehole Water Softener unit has two parts: the filter and the softening system. The filter traps the particles

Discuss Borehole Water Testing

Borehole water testing is a process that determines the presence of chemical and organic particles in borehole water. The water is generally pumped from underground, and it is mostly used for agricultural or irrigation purposes. It is necessary to test this water because the presence of harmful chemicals and bacteria may lead to chemical poisoning or death.

Water Testing

If you are planning to drink the boreholes water, then it is essential to check whether it has harmful chemicals or not. This type of water is also used for irrigation purposes in construction projects, so it is necessary to make sure that the water being used does not contain any harmful chemicals.

Discuss Borehole Yield Test

The borehole Yield Test is a test carried out to determine the quantity of water that will be supplied by a borehole when it is developed and drilled. The test can also be referred to as the pumping or drawdown test, which is conducted to determine the maximum amount of water that can be pumped for a specific period.

Boreholes Yield Test

The purpose of conducting the Borehole Yield Test include:

  • Whether the quantity of water available in an aquifer is sufficient for use and whether the quality meets the required standards
  • To determine whether the aquifer needs further development to increase its yield
  • To determine whether a project aimed at developing the aquifer can be implemented with cost-effectiveness

Borehole Yield Test requires a piece of equipment known as a Pumping Rig, which comprises a pump, piping system, water meter and pressure gauge. The rig is used to pump water from the boreholes into ground storage tanks at variable rates using a diesel engine. The number of tanks varies depending on the depth and yield of the borehole.

People also ASK – Boreholes

What is the purpose of a borehole?

Boreholesare a long cylindrical hole that is bored or drilled into the ground. Boreholes are usually drilled using power drills and are mainly used to install water wells and oil wells; the latter being generally drilled on land and the former at sea

A water well is a hole in the ground that allows water to percolate into it until it reaches an aquifer, a water-bearing underground layer of rock or sand. There, the water can be pumped out.

Water wells can be dug by hand or machine, but nowadays most boreholes are created by drilling through with either a rotary drill or hammer drill. A rotary drill consists of a bit attached to a stem which is turned by rotating pipes. A hammer drill has a stem with a piston at the bottom which is repeatedly raised and lowered, striking the bit like a hammer.

When boring for oil, natural gas or other fossil fuels, larger boreholes are used because these commodities are found inside hard rock strata that require more powerful drilling tools.

Is it safe to drink borehole water?

Many factors determine whether your boreholes water is safe to drink, and these can range from the surrounding soil type to the volume of the borehole.

We recommend that you have your borehole water tested by a reputable independent laboratory at least once a year. The following tests are recommended:

Coliform bacteria (thermotolerant coliforms) E.colitesting,Total coliforms

and Nitrates (NO2).

How much does it cost to bore a borehole?

Boreholes cost anything between R20 000 to R80 000. However, this question is usually asked in a negative and prejudiced tone. Boreholes are INEXPENSIVE, especially when you consider the sheer volume of water they pump out each day. This can save you thousands of Rands on your monthly water bill.

Cost

How long does a borehole last?

Boreholes can last up to 100 years depending on factors such as the local geology, the discharge rate and the water chemistry. It is constructed by drilling through the upper layers of soil and rock until an aquifer is reached. Boreholes can be drilled either vertically or horizontally.

As water is pumped out, it creates a drawdown area around the borehole which extends down into the aquifer. Because water flows from areas of high pressure to low pressure, groundwater drains away from this drawdown area, where it is pumped out. This means that over time, less and less water can be extracted from the same borehole.

The remaining water in the aquifer will eventually flow back into the drawdown area and refill it but this can take many decades, depending on local conditions, like how permeable the soil and rock are. If too much water is taken out too quickly, the remaining groundwater may not be able to naturally replenish itself and so affect other users who rely on that same source of water.

What is another name for borehole?

The complete list of terms is as follows: borehole, bore well, boring, dig, drilling, excavating.

How do you sink a borehole?

Boreholes are drilled by high-pressure air compressors which enable the drill bit to cut and compress the ground. The compressed air moves up through the hollow centre of the drill rod and out through a special bit at the bottom. This breaks up the rock surrounding the borehole and transports it to the surface where it is removed by suction. At each stage, an increasingly narrow hole is created by inserting casing, steel tubes that reinforce the walls of the hole.

The size varies according to what is required. A small borehole may be less than 100mm in diameter and 10m deep, while a larger one could be as wide as 300mm and over 1km deep.

What does borehole mean in English?

The word borehole is the noun counterpart of the verb “bore.” Its meaning can be understood through the verb’s meaning, which is to make a hole or passage by cutting or digging with some tool. It is also used figuratively to describe something that makes a boring or tiresome effect on people. It may also be used in geological science as a term for a hole bored into the ground to collect information about the Earth.

Do you pay for water from a borehole?

The water that you draw from your borehole is free and can be used for all purposes. The drilling of a borehole is quite expensive but once you have the borehole you will no longer have to pay for your water.

You do, however, pay for the electricity used by the pump that brings the water from underground to your taps. A pump running continuously can use up to R400 of electricity in a month. It is therefore important that you use as little water as possible and turn off the pump when not in use.

What causes borehole failure?

Boreholesfailure are a common occurrence. The causes of this failure are many and varied but can be broadly split into two categories: physical causes and chemical causes.

3 Physical Causes of Borehole Failure

  1. Lack of consolidation – the lack of adequate consolidation around the boreholes by grouting or compaction can cause it to fail due to collapse. This is especially true in the unconsolidated ground or in locations where the borehole has been drilled through hard rock that has been broken down into granular material (e.g. limestone).
  2. Lack of casing – if there is no casing inserted into the boreholes, then any loose material around the side of the borehole will fall into it causing it to become blocked.
  3. Failure to flush out drilling mud – when it is drilled with a rotary rig, drilling mud is often used to flush out drill cuttings from within the boreholes. If this mud is not removed before sampling commences, it can contaminate samples and also lead to clogging of filters if used in conjunction with piezometers and/or standpipes.

How deep can you drill a borehole?

We are often asked just how deep can you drill a borehole. The short answer is that it is influenced by the type of earth structure you are drilling through, and the type of equipment used. Here we will try to give a general answer to this question.

Generally speaking, boreholes can be drilled more than 12,000 metres on land

How much electricity does a borehole pump use in South Africa?

Borehole pumps are used in South Africa to provide water to a household or a business. They can either be connected to the municipal water system or be powered by electricity. The pump is generally only switched on when water is required and will switch off again once the water is delivered.

The electricity usage of a borehole pump depends on several factors, including the depth, how much water is required and how long it takes to deliver that amount of water.

How deep should a borehole be?

The depth of boreholes depends on if it is for extracting water or minerals such as oil.

Boreholes are drilled to extract natural resources such as water, and mineral such as oil.

The depth of the borehole is a major factor in the cost of drilling it. A shallow borehole may be cheaper than a deep one. However, if the resource being sought lies at great depth, then drilling deep may be necessary.

Long boreholes will have to be lined with a casing (a metal pipe) for its whole length, otherwise, it will collapse under the pressure of overlying rocks. The cost of lining the hole with casing increases with depth.

How long does it take to install a borehole?

Borehole installation is a process that takes time, resources and skill. The amount of time it takes to install boreholes depends on the size and depth of it.

Most boreholes are installed in less than two weeks. In some cases, the drillers may experience challenges with the drilling process, this may include difficult rocks, poor geological conditions and poor mobilization of equipment.

In areas where there are no geological challenges, boreholes can be installed in less than 5 days.

Boreholes installed in hard rock areas are completed within 4-8 weeks because they require more time and resources.

Can borehole water dry up?

The answer is yes, it can dry up.

As we all know, there are two types of water; surface water and groundwater. Surface water is found in rivers, dams, lakes and streams. Groundwater is found underground in the soil and rocks. For groundwater to be formed, rainwater must first fall on the ground through a process called infiltration (the process of rainwater falling on earth). The rainwater then seeps into the soil or rock and collects underground forming an aquifer(rock or soil which holds large amounts of groundwater). Boreholes water comes from these aquifer/s which supplies us with clean drinking water (remember, there are different types of aquifers). Boreholes are drilled down into these aquifers to extract water.

Now, the problem with boreholes is that they don’t last forever. This means that one day, boreholes supplying you with tap water will eventually dry up because you are extracting more groundwater than what is being recharged (refilled). If this happens too quickly, then there won’t be enough time for new groundwater to be formed and stored

How do you maintain a borehole?

If you want to maintain boreholes on your property, you need to keep it in good condition. Here are some ways to do this:

  • Cleaning the boreholes
  • Watching for water leaks
  • Routinely checking the pump system

Can I dig my borehole?

Yes, you can but you need to have the right equipment and skills.

How do you find the borehole location?

One of the most important steps in any drilling operation is to identify the boreholes location. This allows the drill rig to be located as close as possible above the reservoir, minimizing rig floor losses and maximizing hydrocarbon recoveries.

For many years, experienced drilling engineers and geologists have used seismic surveys, magnetometric surveys, and gravimetric surveys along with other geologic data to identify potential stratigraphic traps for hydrocarbon accumulation.

What is the difference between a well and a borehole?

The simplest way to tell them apart is by size. A well is usually quite a bit wider than a borehole, meaning it is dug out, either manually or with machinery, to a significant diameter. Boreholes are usually much thinner, sometimes only as wide as the pipe that runs down its centre.

Can a borehole pump be repaired?

Several factors will determine whether or not your borehole pump can be repaired.

The first thing is to establish the current condition of the pump. This will involve some troubleshooting to determine what may be causing the problem. If it is a small problem, such as a cracked pipe, then it will be able to be fixed. However, if the components are severely damaged and need to be replaced, you may find that it is more cost-effective to replace them with new ones.

Can boreholes collapse?

Yes. Boreholes can collapse. There are several ways this can happen, and we should be aware of them.

The most obvious is that if boreholes are not lined, then the walls of the hole will collapse if they are unstable. Generally, any unconsolidated material around boreholes will be unstable and have to be supported in some way. This support can be provided by drilling fluid (mud) flowing back through the annulus between the casing and the borehole wall, or it can be provided by cementing.

Another cause of collapse is subsidence of the surface overlying an underground cavity. This can happen when an underground space is created by mining operations, dissolution of salt or gypsum, or removal of oil or gas from a reservoir. The ground will subside until it reaches a new state of equilibrium where there is enough weight above to balance out the loss of support below. Subsidence due to mining is often referred to as “subsidence” while subsidence due to other causes is often referred to as “collapse.”

The third cause of boreholesto collapse is the compaction of the aquifer near a well that removes water from it. Water flows into a well from all directions; therefore, when water is

What to consider before drilling boreholes?

In the case of Groundwater, you need to consider four steps before drilling the boreholes.

  1. Find the location where water is likely to be found.
  2. Locate a good water-bearing formation.
  3. Find the best place on that formation to drill.
  4. Drill a good well in the best place found on the formation.

Are boreholes expensive?

Yes, boreholes can cost anything between R30 000 to an excess of R100 000. This is however dependent on several things like the yield of the boreholes and the installation factors as well as the quality of the components.

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